National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act of 1997
In January 1997, President William J. Clinton outlined a vision to revitalize Washington, D.C. and improve prospects for successful "home rule." The cornerstone of the strategy for accomplishing this goal was to relieve the District of Columbia Government of major financial and management responsibilities by having the federal government assume responsibility for functions typically funded by state governments (rather than municipalities), i.e., prisons, courts, and probation/parole supervision. On August 5, 1997, the National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act of 1997 ("Revitalization Act") became law.
The Revitalization Act created the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency (CSOSA) as a federal agency charged with performing parole and probation supervision for D.C. Code offenders. The Revitalization Act was amended in 1999 to enable CSOSA to carry out the sex offender registration and DNA collection functions that were enacted in the District of Columbia Code.