Re-Entry and Sanctions Center: Background
The Re-Entry and Sanctions Center is an expansion of CSOSA's successful Assessment and Orientation Center (AOC). The AOC program was developed in 1996 as part of the Washington/Baltimore High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) initiative, funded by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). CSOSA assumed management of the program and provided the majority of funding, though HIDTA continues to fund a portion of the program's cost.
Building on the success of its AOC program, CSOSA incorporated AOC's practices into its RSC program model. The RSC program will meet the assessment and evaluative needs of repeat offenders with extensive substance abuse histories.
In Fiscal Year 2002 Congress appropriated $13,015,000 for the renovation of Karrick Hall, an eight-story facility located on the grounds of the District of Columbia General Hospital Campus (Reservation 13). The renovation was completed in February 2006. The renovated Karrick Hall consists of six distinct units -- one unit for offenders who meet strict HIDTA criteria, one reentry unit for offenders just released from incarceration, one unit for pretrial defendants, one sanctions unit and two units for clients with co-occuring mental health and substance abuse diagnoses. The program provides treatment related services to approximately 1,200 offenders and defendants annually.
Studies by the Institute for Behavior and Health found that offenders who participated in the Washington/Baltimore HIDTA drug treatment program were less likely to commit crimes. The indicator used was arrest rate, which is defined as the number of arrests for non-technical violations per participant in the year before treatment vs. the number of arrests for non-technical violations per subject in the year following treatment. The 2000 Cohort study reported that the overall arrest rate for program participants within the Washington/Baltimore HIDTA in calendar year 2000 dropped 51.3 percent, from 0.8 to 0.39. AOC program participants experienced a 74.5 percent decrease in arrest rates, from 0.94 to 0.24.
The 2001 cohort study produced declines in arrest rates. All HIDTA program participants experienced a 47 percent decrease in arrest rate, from 1.08 to .57. AOC participants experienced 35 percent decrease, from .97 to .72.
Program Targets Rehab Help for Federal Inmates
(NPR, September 27, 2006)
D.C. Center Aims to Combat Recidivism
(The Examiner, September 26, 2006)
Offender Reentry and Sanctions Center Opens in Washington, D.C. (Media Release)
A Drug Program Only Reached Through Prison
(Washington Post, September 20, 2006)