Probation is a court ordered disposition through which an adjudicated offender is placed under the control, supervision, and care of the Agency. The probationer must meet certain standards of conduct.
There are six types of probation supervision terms in Court-referred matters:
- Probation Supervision: A term of supervision in which sentencing follows a pre-sentence investigative (PSI) period and the submission of a PSI report with sentencing recommendations to the Court. The Court also can order a term of probation without the benefit of a PSI report.
- Split Sentence: A term of supervision in which the Court orders an offender remanded to a term of incarceration, followed by a period of community-based, supervised probation.
- Interstate Compact Supervision: A probation sentence that has been imposed by a Court in another jurisdiction, with courtesy supervision being provided by CSOSA while the offender resides in the District of Columbia. Probation cases that originate in the District but are being supervised in other jurisdictions also must be monitored by CSOSA until case expiration.
- Unsupervised Probation: A sentence imposed by the Court that allows individuals to reside in the community without the active supervision of a CSO. The Court may, at any time, exercise its authority and place an offender on unsupervised probation, or return an unsupervised case to active supervised probation status. As a rule, these cases are not opened and assigned to a CSO unless the Court so directs. If the Court so directs, these cases are placed in a monitored status, and the CSO is to conduct monthly criminal background checks and notify the Court of any findings.
- Civil Protection Orders (CPOs): A CPO is a civil order imposed by the Court for twelve months to protect an individual from further harassment or abuse by another individual.
- Deferred Sentencing Agreements (DSAs): A DSA allows a defendant to enter a guilty plea in a domestic violence matter. In these cases, the Assistant United States Attorney (AUSA or government) and the defendant agree to continue sentencing for nine months with the Court's approval.